PageBig cat clasification

Lion: Panthera Leo
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Scientific Name: Panthera leo
Size: Head and body 8.5-10.8 feet (2.6-3.3m); tail 2-3.3 feet (60-100cm)
Weight: 330-530 pounds (150-240kg)
Distribution: S Sahara to S Africa, excluding Congo rain forest belt; NW India (a remnant population only in Gir Forest Sanctuary)
Habitat: Mainly savanna, grassy plains; also woodland, semidesert
Diet: Wildebeests, impalas, antelope, zebras, buffalo, wild pigs, and other hoofed mammals
Reproduction: After a gestation period of 15-17 weeks, female gives birth to up to 6 cubs
Longevity: About 15 years (to 24 in captivity)
Population: Estimated at below 10,000
Status: Vulnerable

Tiger : Panthera Tigris
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Scientific Name: Panthera tigris
Size: Male Bengal: Head to tail tip 8.8-10.2 feet (2.7-3.1m); Female 7.8-9.4 feet (2.4-2.8m)
Weight: Male: 396-573 pounds (180-260kg); Female: 287-353 pounds (130-160kg)
Distribution: India, Manchuria, China, Indonesia
Habitat: Varied, including tropical forest, snow-covered evergreen forest, deciduous forests, mangrove swamps and drier forest types.
Diet: Deer, wild pigs, buffalo, antelope, and gaurs (wild oxen)
Reproduction: After a gestation period of 13-16 weeks, female gives birth to 2-4 cubs
Longevity: About 15 years (to 20 in captivity)
Population: Estimated at below 2,500
Status: Endangered

Leopard: Panthera Pardus
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Scientific Name: Panthera pardus
Size: Head and body 3.3-6.3 feet (100-190cm); tail length 2.3-3.1 feet (70-95cm)
Weight: 66-155 pounds (30-70kg)
Distribution: Africa Sourth of the Sahara, and South Asia; N. Africa, Arabia, far East
Habitat: From tropical rain forest to arid savanna; from cold mountains almost to urban suburbs.
Diet: Wide-ranging; includes gazelles, antelope, goats, wild pigs, domestic livestock, monkeys, dogs, and bat-eared foxes
Reproduction: After a gestation period of 13-15 weeks, female gives birth to 1-6 cubs
Longevity: Up to 12 years (20 in captivity)
Population: Estimated at below 10,000
Status: Vulnerable

Jaguar: panthera Onca
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Scientific Name: Panthera onca
Size: Head and body 3.7-6.1 feet (112-185cm); tail length 1.5-2.5 feet (45-75cm)
Weight: 126-249 pounds (57-113kg)
Distribution: From central Mexico through Central America to Northern Argentina
Habitat: Tropical forest, savanna, scrub, swamps – normally where water is available
Diet: Peccaries, capybaras, tapirs, monkeys, armadillos, river turtles, otters, caimans, and domestic livestock
Reproduction: After a gestation period of 13-15 weeks, female gives birth to 2-4 cubs
Longevity: Up to 12 years (20 in captivity)
Population: Estimated at greater than 10,000
Status: Near Threatened

CHEETAH: Panthera Acinonyx jubatus
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Scientific Name: Acinonyx jubatus
Size: Head and body 3.7-4.4 feet (112-135cm); tail length 2.2-2.8 feet (66-84cm)
Weight: 86-143 pounds (39-65kg)
Distribution: Africa, South Asia, Middle East
Habitat: Most habitats in Africa except rain forest: Semidesert, open savanna, bush
Diet: Gazelles, impalas, small antelope, hare, jackals, young ostrich, and ground-dwelling birds; larger prey, such as zebras, caught through cooperative hunting
Reproduction: After a gestation period of 13-14 weeks, female gives birth to 2-4 cubs
Longevity: Up to 12 years (17 in captivity)
Population: Estimated at below 10,000
Status: Vulnerable

Snow Leopard: Uncia uncia
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Scientific Name: Uncia uncia
Size: Head and body 3.9-4.9 feet (120-150cm); tail length up to 3.3 feet (about 99cm)
Weight: 77-163 pounds (35-74kg)
Distribution: Central Asia, from Russia and Mongolia through China and Tibet to Himalayas of Afghanistan, Pakistan and India
Habitat: In mountain steppe and coniferous forest at altitudes of 5,900-18,000 feet (1,800-5,500m)
Diet: Blue sheep, ibex, musk deer, hare, boars, marmots, pikas, ground-dwelling birds, yaks, domestic livestock, and goats
Reproduction: After a gestation period of 13-15 weeks, female gives birth to 1-5 cubs
Longevity: about 10-15 years (15-21 in captivity)
Population: Estimated at below 2,500
Status: Endangered

CLOUDED LEOPARD: Neofelis Nebulosa
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Scientific Name: Neofelis nebulosa
Size: Head and body 2-3.6 feet (60-110cm); tail length 2-3 feet (60-90cm)
Weight: 33-43 pounds (15-20kg)
Distribution: India, S. China, Nepal, Burma, Indochina to Sumatra and Borneo, and Taiwan
Habitat: In dense tropical forests at altitudes up to 6,500 feet (2,000m)
Diet: Small deer, young buffalo, pigs, monkeys, squirrels, porcupines, birds, and reptiles
Reproduction: After a gestation period of 12-13 weeks, female gives birth to 1-5 cubs
Longevity: from 11 to 17 years in captivity
Population: Estimated at below 10,000
Status: Vulnerable

COUGAR (PUMA): Puma concolor
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Scientific Name: Puma concolor
Size: Head and body 3.4-6.4 feet (105-196cm); tail length 2.2-2.6 feet (67-78cm)
Weight: 79-227 pounds (36-103kg)
Distribution: Wide distribution from SW Canada, western United States and Florida, and ranging south through Central and South America
Habitat: Grassland, bush, swamp, tropical forest, coniferous forest
Diet: Deer, rodents, hare, beavers, porcupines, sheep, horses, and cattle
Reproduction: After a gestation period of 13 weeks, female gives birth to 3-4 cubs
Longevity: About 12 years (to 21 in captivity)
Population: Estimated at below 50,000
Status: Near Threatened

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